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Facts on Spanish Wines

Wine in Spain: Basic Information


Essential information about Spanish wine. Thanks to Mary O´Connor of Planeta Vino Wine Tasting School, Madrid for her help with this page.

Learn more about Spain:

Facts on Spanish Wines

To learn more about Spanish wine, read this FAQ on Spanish Wine.


  • Grapes are the third biggest crop in Spain after cereals and olives.


  • 15.5% of the world's vineyards are in Spain, making Spain the number one ranked country in the world in terms of area covered by vineyards.


  • Spanish vineyards have a low yield (because of the dry climate) meaning Spain is only third in production behind France and Italy.


  • Despite most of Spain's wine being red, 61.5% of Spain's vineyards are white. This is because Spain also makes a lot of brandy and sherry.


  • The main red grape varieties in Spain are Tempranillo, Bobal, Garnacha (Grenache) & Monastrell.


  • The main white grape varieties in Spain are Airén, Macabeo, Palomino & Pedro Ximenez.


  • There are vineyards in all of Spain's 17 autonomous regions - from wet Galicia in the north-west to dry Murcia in the south-east.


  • The biggest surface area of vineyards is in Castilla-La Mancha.


  • The most densely planted vineyards in Spain are in La Rioja.


  • 56.2% of Spanish wine is designated as a 'quality wine' (VCPRD - Vino de Calidad Producido en una Región Determinada or 'Quality Wine Produced in a Determined Region').


  • Spain has 65 Denominación de Origen (DO).


  • There are 41 areas with wines designated as Vino de Tierra ('Wine from the Land')


  • One third of Spanish wine is exported. This figure is increasing.


  • Spain's top customers are the UK, Germany and the USA.


  • Spain is the fifth biggest exporter of wine to the US after Italy, Australia, France and Chile.

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